HAIR DISEASES

Hair diseases are disorders primarily associated with the follicles of the hair.

A few examples are

  • Alopecia
  • Dandruff
  • Bubble hair deformity
  • Hair casts
  • Hair loss
  • hypertrichosis
  • Ingrown hair
  • Monilethrix
  • Premature greying of hair
  • Pattern hair loss
  • Trichorrhexis invaginata

Alopecia areata

It is also known as spot baldness, is a condition in which hair is lost from some or all areas of the body. Often it results in a few bald spots on the scalp, each about the size of a coin. Psychological stress may be one cause tp this abnormality other causes may include some autoimmune disease, genetic and environmental factors.

A loss of up to 100 hairs from scalp every day is normal, and in most people, those hairs grow back. But many men and some women lose hair as they grow older. You can also lose your hair if you have certain diseases, such as thyroid problems, diabetes, or lupus. If you take certain medicines or have chemotherapy for cancer, you may also lose your hair. Other causes are stress, a low protein diet, a family history, or poor nutrition.

Treatment for hair loss depends on the cause. In some cases, treating the underlying cause will correct the problem. Other treatments include medicines and hair restoration

Dandruff

Dandruff can have several causes, including dry skin, seborrhoeic dermatitis, not cleaning/scrubbing often enough, shampooing too often, scalp psoriasis, eczema, sensitivity to hair care products, or a yeast-like fungus. Dry skin is the most common cause of flaking dandruff. Dandruff can cause hair loss but it is not the ultimate cause so such conditions have different treatment options available.

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